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Queen Lili‘uokalani


Queen Lili‘uokalani
(1838 - 1917)
Queen Lili‘uokalani was the last monarch of the Hawaiian Islands. 
She reigned from 1891 to 1893.
QueenThrone.gif (52494 bytes) BIRTH Queen Lili‘uokalani was born on September 2, 1838, in Honolulu.
FAMILY She was the daughter of high ranking chiefs Caesar Kapa‘akea and Anale‘a Keohokālole, and sister of David Kalākaua, Miriam Likelike and William Pitt Leleiōhoku.  Upon her birth she became the hanai child of chiefs Laura Konia and Abner Paki.
NAME She was given the name Lydia Lili‘u Loloku Walania Wewehi Kamaka‘eha.  In her youth she was called "Lydia" or "Lili‘u" and then "Lili‘uokalani" when she became heir apparent.
     
MARRIAGE Lili‘u married John O. Dominis on September 16, 1862.  They lived with his widowed mother at Washington Place, today the official residence of Hawai‘i's Governor.
ASCENDS TO
THRONE
In 1891 her brother, King Kalākaua, died and Lili‘uokalani succeeded to the throne.
     
OVERTHROW Queen Lili‘uokalani sought to amend the constitution to restore some of the power lost during the reign of her brother. Local sugar planters and businessmen feared a loss of revenue and influence and instigated an overthrow. To avoid bloodshed, the Queen yielded her throne on January 17, 1893.  A provisional government was established.
IMPRISONMENT In 1895 Lili‘uokalani was imprisoned for eight months in ‘Iolani Palace for her alleged knowledge of a counterrevolutionary attempt by her supporters.
     
RELEASED ON PAROLE On September 6, 1896, Lili‘uokalani was released on parole, but she was forbidden to leave the island of O‘ahu.
JOINS ST. ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL On May 18, 1896, at 6:30 a.m., Lili‘uokalani was baptized and confirmed by Bishop Willis into the Episcopal Church.  Though she had been a long-time member of Kawaiha‘o Church, she decided to leave citing the lack of pastoral care and support during her imprisonment.
ANNEXATION On July 7, 1898, President McKinley signed the resolution annexing Hawaii to the United States.
DEED OF TRUST In her Deed of Trust dated December 2, 1909, which was later amended in 1911, Lili`uokalani entrusted her estate to provide for orphan and destitute children in the Hawaiian Islands, with preference for Hawaiian children. Her legacy is perpetuated through the Queen Lili`uokalani Children’s Center.
DEATH Queen Lili‘uokalani died at Washington Place on November 11, 1917, at the age of 79.  After a state funeral, her remains were placed in the Royal Mausoleum.
     
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT
HER  MAJESTY
  • The color of her reign was yellow.
  • Her motto was "E onipa‘a...i ka ‘imi na‘auao" (Be steadfast in the seeking of knowledge).
  • The royal standard of the Kalākaua family was the Burning Torch.
  • She was the composer of "Aloha ‘Oe" and over 150 other songs.
  • She was the author of Hawai‘i's Story by Hawai‘i's Queen.
  • She was the translator of the Hawaiian Creation Chant, "Kumulipo."
     
RESOURCES
  • Allen, Helena G.  The Betrayal of Lili‘uokalani.   Glendale, CA:  Arthur H. Clark Co., 1982
  • Irwin, Bernice Pi‘ilani.  I Knew Queen Lili‘uokalani.   2nd ed.  Honolulu, HI:  First People's Productions, 1998.
  • Lili‘uokalani.  Hawai‘i's Story by Hawai‘i's Queen.   Tokyo:  Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1964.
  • Low, Ruby Hasegawa.  Lili‘uokalani.   Honolulu, HI:  Kamehameha Schools Press, 1993.
  • Gillett, Dorothy Kahananui (text & music notation).   Smith, Barbara Barnard.  The Queen's Songbook.  Honolulu:   Hui Hānai, 1999.
     
LINKS
     
     

 

 

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